RESEARCH ITEM COUNTRY TYPE OF STUDY PURPOSE PARTICIPANTS KEY MESSAGES
[c@83021] USA Essay To discuss the development of golf as a game for physically impaired participants Not applicable Programmes aim to enhance social interaction and independence, increase physical activity and combat depression. Making golf premises more available to players with varying levels of mobility is important
[c@83038] USA Report To determine current golf operations’ experiences with disabled golfers; the perceptions and experiences that disabled golfers have had on the golf course; and the status of golf instruction programs that are introducing disabled people into the game. Golf course owners and operators, organizations that provide services for golfers with disabilities, and golfers with disabilities there are not enough programs to provide an introduction into the game for people with disabilities. people with disabilities are apprehensive, intimidated by golf courses, and lack information about the potential of the game of golf in their lives. he major need is more education for golf course staff regarding disabilities.
[c@83054] Germany Quantitative study To determine at which load cardiovascular patients
would play a tournament on the links and whether the
workload would suffice to exert any positive effects on cardiovascular risk factor management or exercise capacity if performed regularly.
20 male golfers with cardiac diseases and 8 healthy controls Golf is suitable for and, although being competitive, is not particularly harmful to cardiovascular patients. Golf has the potential to positively influence cardiovascular risk factors, to increase endurance capacity, and
to reintegrate cardiovascular patients socially.
[c@83013] USA Quantitative study To examine if and how the ideology of the paradigm/citizen golfer is reinforced, mantained and challanged by the mass media 4 major golf magazines and 1 special golfing supplement Golf magazines reinforce hegemonic masculinity, the paradigm citizen/golfer and, in turn, ableism
[c@82986] USA Essay To examine the possible accommodations and structural improvements that golf course owners may be required to provide for disabled golfers to comply with Americans with Disabilities Act regulations Americans with Disabilities Act regulations It is essential that golf clubs in the United States evaluate their course accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act and make every effort possible to create reasonable accommodations for disabled golfers.
[c@82994] UK Qualitative case study To report an experimental golf programme initiated for people with severe and enduring mental health problems partly to promotephysical activity and partly as a socially inclusive activity Nine men with severe and enduring mental health and mental health professionals The positive responses from attendants and mental health professionals involved in the project support the need for further exploring golf as a beneficial activity for people with severe andenduring mental health problems
[c@83037] USA Book review To review the book "Accessible Golf: Making it a Game Fore All" [@82996] Not applicable Many, if not most, of the changes and adjustments one must make to increase accessibility in golf are not difficult to make
[c@83031] UK Report To review the academic literature on barriers to participation in golf; survey clubs, members and nomadic golfers to describe their perceptions of GolfMark and the issues it intends to address; and understand how different club cultures may lead to exclusion. Multiple data sources Golf clubs must work harder to remove socio-economic barriers that exclude disabled people from golf opportunities.
[c@83010] USA Quantitative study To test the hypothesis that there will be significant increases in engagement of golf-related activities over the 5 week period of Project GAIN Project GAIN (Golf: Accessible and Inclusive Networks) 327 individuals with disabilities and 295 mentors with and without disabilities The Project GAIN curriculum successfully contributed to improving participants’ belief that they could play golf, and increased golf-related activities that may lead to increased inclusion and PA.
[c@83030] UK Qualitative study To consider the process and outcomes of using photo elicitation to ‘grasp at’ older adults’ embodied experiences of physical activity. 51 elderly individuals (M = 23; F = 28) aged 60 years or over and self-identified as exercising on a regular basis Sensory interactions with objects and the surrounding environment are central in the enjoyment of golf, which in turn is key for adherence
[c@83029] USA Narrative review To review the history of golf’s improvements in
accessibility, and to provide clinicians and physically challenged golfers with information that will facilitate participation in the sport
Not applicable Both amateur and professional golfers should be aware that adaptive equipment and accessible golf courses can be found in throghout the United States
[c@83040] USA Essay To offer suggestions to physical educators on how to promote golf among young disabled people Not applicable Young disabled people need support to transition from school-based golf to community-based golf opportunities
[c@82998] UK Qualitative study To assess the barriers and facilitators to golf participation amongst people who have experienced a disability from a stroke 10 individuals recruited from a UK's stroke charity Social elements might be key in get-into-golf programmes. Considerations regarding independence, format, equipment, cost, accessand overall awareness should be borne in mind in disability golf.
[c@83026] International Delphi study To build a global, cross-sectoral consensus relating to golf and health, in order to support best practice An expert panel of 25 persons including public
health and golf industry leaders
83 items achieved consensus, which are included in the final International Consensus
on Golf and Health.
[c@83043] USA Commentary To provide suggestions to make golf facilities more inclusive and accessible to people with disabilities Not applicable Providing an accessible forward tee is a relatively inexpensive way to accommodate disabled golfers while also making the game more enjoyable for shorter hitters.
The R&A Golf and Health Report 2016-2020 [y@83000] International Report To summarise the scientific research and details case studies considering the impact of the golf and health movement. It also highlights future opportunities, including the possibility of golf on prescription. Not applicable Information on the benefits of golf for health has been used to support the development of golf for the disabled in 36 countries, to tackle some negative perceptions about golf and to help make golf more inclusive.
[c@82988] UK Commentary To comment on the impact of golf for disabled people in different areas, including therapeutic, competitive, recreational and biographical Not applicable Golf for the disabled is growing but is not commonly found on the menu of sporting options offered to the newly disabled.
[c@83059] International Online Special Isuue To offer the reader an insight into golf medicine, including changes due to COVID-19, the performance aspects of golf and its health benefits, as well as considering the medical issues and injuries linked to the sport. Not applicable The health benefits both amateur and professional golf are able to resume safely following the COVID-19 pandemic